There are many different chemical ways of combating overdose, but researchers have identified three primary categories of biologic therapy for treating drug addiction and abuse: vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and genetically modified enzymes.
Common belief tells us that our weight is determined by caloric intake and physical activity. The more we eat, the more we need to exercise in order to burn off those calories. If we don’t exercise enough to balance how much food we eat, our body stores that excess energy […]
Developing a new drug requires that life sciences companies invest vast amounts of resources. Depending on the complexity of treatment, firms can devote over a decade to the R&D process. In terms of financial cost, a single drug can require hundreds of millions of dollars from start to finish. Considering […]
In ancient times, tzaraath, translated from the Hebrew Bible, was a catch-all phrase for a variety of skin conditions that likely included psoriasis. When the person was in his or her “afflicted phase,” the patient was described as “impure.” Now we know that 2-3% of the population suffers from the condition that has nothing to do with impurity and everything to do with a combination of genes and “specific external factors” known as triggers. These triggers can include stress, injury to the skin, infection or certain medications that lead to an alteration in the life cycle of skin cells.
Imagine being unable to eat bread without experiencing abdominal discomfort. Or, for that matter, having to avoid any food containing wheat-related by-products for fear of suffering from gastrointestinal issues. That’s the case for over 3 million people in the United States. These people live with celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder […]
Metabolic disorders, like diabetes, typically arise when a gene responsible for encoding a necessary enzyme is defective. Since enzymes are crucial for the body to function properly, it should come as no surprise that problems occur when these pathways are disrupted. Since they’re due to faulty genes, metabolic disorders have […]
Part of the human condition involves surviving and caring for our bodily injuries and an entire industry in pharmaceuticals is devoted to ensuring we do so effectively: ointments are made to prevent infection, medications prevent pain and bandages protect our scrapes and scratches from further re-injury. But for individuals with […]
The central nervous system may be comprised of only two components, but those pieces are crucial for bodily function. After all, the brain is the master organ while the spinal cord sends information to our muscles and glands. As a result, injury to either of them can leave long-lasting effects […]
Neurons are the basic unit of the brain, excitable cells that transmit and process information via electrical and chemical signals. Together with glial cells, neurons are responsible for everything we do, from walking and running to speaking and learning. However, some diseases attack these cells and thus attack the very […]
Nearly five decades after America began its war against cancer with the signing of the National Cancer Act of 1971 by U.S. President Nixon, Americans have experienced progress, stagnation and defeat in this war. Novel and incredible research efforts, such as the mapping of the complete human genome, hold significant promise for determining the genetic underpinnings of cancer and providing targeted therapies that will increase a patient’s chance of survival. And yet, such therapies remain few and far between.”