In mid-June, researchers reported that they were able to use next-generation sequencing to diagnose suspected brain infections, which are often arduous and complicated to diagnose. After taking biopsies of brain lesions, a metagenomic analysis was performed on the tissue. In a number of the patients, this lead to individualized precision treatment based on the bacteria identified. With all of the specialized disciplines surrounding populations of cells/organisms and the functioning parts within cells, researchers have multitudes of information at their disposal—now what?