Arsenic, while more infamously linked to poisons, has historically been considered an essential element for human nutrition and to have medicinal qualities, such as in the treatment of ulcers and sleeping sickness. However, in light of recent studies concerning the safety of arsenic in rice-based products, the FDA has offered draft guidance on the amount of inorganic arsenic found in infant rice cereal.
In mid-June, researchers reported that they were able to use next-generation sequencing to diagnose suspected brain infections, which are often arduous and complicated to diagnose. After taking biopsies of brain lesions, a metagenomic analysis was performed on the tissue. In a number of the patients, this lead to individualized precision treatment based on the bacteria identified. With all of the specialized disciplines surrounding populations of cells/organisms and the functioning parts within cells, researchers have multitudes of information at their disposal—now what?
Who says consumers can’t make a difference? Increased awareness about environmental issues have affected people’s buying patterns and CPG companies are taking notice. With the growing demand for goods sourced from sustainable materials, organizations need to respond to the shifting market focus in order to remain competitive. From green laundry […]
While complaints have been leveled against the amount of time it’s taken to develop effective mental health therapies, the brain is one of the most intricate organs in the human body. Mental health professionals often rely upon a combination of prescription drugs and behavioral therapies to help patients—so is it […]
A few decades ago, the only people who completed marathons were the most serious runners. Today, endurance events are increasingly popular among everyday athletes. Weekend warriors who once stuck to road 5Ks and leisurely bike rides are now tackling half-marathons, marathons, triathlons and cycling tours. Many of these athletes fuel […]
It’s 1995 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and a man is infected with the Ebola virus. Years later scientists would draw his blood and begin to analyze the antibodies in the sample, hoping to find information leading to a cure for Ebola. Now, the recently published results of this […]
As humans, we often take many things in life for granted, including the ability to breathe. But for many people, this seemingly small capacity is not so minor. Asthma afflicts approximately 300 million worldwide, of which a substantial fraction are children. The condition has no cure and like many chronic […]
A study was recently published which claimed that there is a lack of association between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total cholesterol; the authors even went on to claim that higher levels of cholesterol may prolong life and suggest that lowering cholesterol via medication is useless. This view is not only extreme, but also garnering a lot of criticism. Statins are commonly prescribed to mitigate symptoms associated with many different disorders, such as hypertension, diabetes and peripheral artery disease (PAD). For now, the jury is out on whether or not the study carries any weight, as a substantial amount of evidence will need to be collected before physicians give up on statins.
Considering food through the lens of materials science might initially seem strange, but if you imagine food items as collections of gels, emulsions and foams, you can begin to see how the concepts of materials science could change how we prepare, store and improve our foods. Moreover, there are numerous structuring processes that go into the creation of foods and most companies desire that these processes will result in food that is standardized, safe and appealing for consumers. But food can be so much more than standard and appealing.
In June 2015, the FDA revoked the “generally recognized as safe” status of partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs). The FDA gave food manufacturers three years—until June 18, 2018—to remove all PHOs from their products. Because of the potential health risks of eating partially hydrogenated oils, including heart disease and obesity, most […]